August 14, 2017

Born in 1929 in Madras, Mahmuda Razzaq was one of the distinguished individuals of the independence movement. Her efforts for independence drew the ire of the establishment and landed her in jail, where she spent time with other notable women. After partition, she migrated to Pakistan and has lived in Lahore since.

Source: Wikipedia

August 13, 2017

Septimia Zenobia (Palmyrene: (Btzby), pronounced Bat-Zabbai; AD c.240–c.274) was a third-century queen of the Syria-based Palmyrene Empire. Many legends surround her ancestry; she was certainly born to a noble Palmyrene family and married the ruler of the city, Odaenathus. Her husband became king in 260, elevating Palmyra to supreme power in the Near East by defeating the Sassanians and stabilizing the Roman East. After Odaenathus' assassination, Zenobia became the regent of her son Vaballathus and held de facto power throughout his reign.

Source: Wikipedia

August 12, 2017

Born into the royal Bavarian house of Wittelsbach, Elisabeth (also called "Sisi") enjoyed an informal upbringing before marrying Emperor Franz Joseph I at the age of sixteen. The marriage thrust her into the much more formal Habsburg court life, for which she was inprepared and which she found uncongenial. Early in the marriage she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Archduchess Sophie, who took over the rearing of Elisabeth's daughters, one of whom, Sophie, died in infancy. The birth of a male heir, Rudolf, improved her standing at court considerably, but her health suffered under the strain, and she would often visit Hungary for its more relaxed environment. She came to develop a deep kinship with Hungary, and helped to bring about the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

The death of her only son Rudolf, and his mistress Mary Vetsera, in a murder–suicide tragedy at his hunting lodge at Mayerling in 1889 was a blow from which Elisabeth never recovered. She withdrew from court duties and travelled widely, unaccompanied by her family. She was obsessively concerned with maintaining her youthful figure and beauty, which was already legendary during her life. While travelling in Geneva in 1898, she was stabbed to death by an Italian anarchist named Luigi Lucheni. Elisabeth was the longest serving Empress of Austria, at 44 years.

Source: Wikipedia

August 11, 2017

Padmini, also known as Padmavati, was a legendary 13th-14th century Indian queen (Rani). The earliest source to mention her is Padmavat, an epic poem written by Malik Muhammad Jayasi in 1540 CE. The text, which features elements of fantasy, describes her story as follows: Padmavati was an exceptionally beautiful princess of the Singhal kingdom (Sri Lanka). Ratan Sen, the Rajputruler of Chittor, heard about her beauty from a talking parrot named Hiraman. After an adventurous quest, he married her and brought her to Chittor. Alauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi also heard about her beauty, and attacked Chittor to obtain her. Meanwhile, Ratan Sen was killed in a combat with Devpal, the king of Kumbhalner who was also enamoured with Padmavati's beauty. Before Alauddin Khilji could capture Chittor, Padmavati and her companions committed Jauhar (self-immolation) to protect their honour.

Source: Wikipedia

August 10, 2017

Komako Kimura (1887-1980), also seen as Komaku Kimura or Komago Kimura in American newspapers, was a Japanese suffragist, actress, dancer, theatre manager, and magazine editor before World War II.

In 1913, Komako Kimura was cofounder of "The Real New Women's Association" (Shin Shinfujinkai) and editor of its journal Shin shin fujin. She traveled to New York in 1917 to participate in a suffrage march, to study English and the strategies of American suffragists, and to raise funds for continuing Japanese suffrage efforts. She made plans to publish a magazine in the United States, titled The Japanese Suffragist.

Komako Kimura acted most of the female roles in Shakespeare (in Japanese), and managed two theatres in Tokyo. "I am told that a dancing suffragist is something America does not quite understand," she commented in an interview in 1917. "We all have to have some means of a livelihood while we fight for our ideals." Source: Wikipedia

August 9, 2017

Elizabeth Cochran Seaman (May 5, 1864 – January 27, 1922), better known by her pen name Nellie Bly, was an American journalist who was widely known for her record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days, in emulation of Jules Verne's fictional character Phileas Fogg, and an exposé in which she faked insanity to study a mental institution from within. She was a pioneer in her field, and launched a new kind of investigative journalism. Bly was also a writer, industrialist, inventor, and a charity worker
Source: Wikipedia

August 8, 2017

Aruna Sairam (also spelt Sayeeram, Tamil: அருணா சாய்ராம்) is an Indian classical vocalist. She is a recipient of the Padma Shri award from the Government of India. She has been elected as Vice Chairman of the Sangeet Natak Akademi (India’s premier national institution for music and dance) from the Government of India. She is regarded as the Music Ambassador of India, for successfully taking Indian music to the global arena. Steeped in bhava-expression and classical divinity, Aruna Sairam’s music evokes bhakti-devotion in every listener’s soul. She has dazzled audiences at prestigious musical venues in India and around the world through her scintillating performances and refreshing approach.

Source: Wikipedia

August 7, 2017

Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (born Mary Jane McLeod; July 10, 1875 – May 18, 1955) was an American educator, stateswoman, philanthropist, humanitarian and civil rights activist best known for starting a private school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida. She attracted donations of time and money, and developed the academic school as a college. It later continued to develop as Bethune-Cookman University. She also was appointed as a national adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of what was known as his Black Cabinet. She was known as "The First Lady of The Struggle" because of her commitment to gain better lives for African Americans.

Source: Wikipedia

August 6, 2017

Liudmyla Mykhailovna Pavlychenko (Russian: Людмила Михайловна Павличенко; July 12, 1916 – October 10, 1974) was a Red ArmySoviet sniper during World War II. Credited with 309 kills, she is regarded as one of the top military snipers of all time and the most successful female sniper in history.

Source: Wikipedia

August 5, 2017

Urmila Chanam is a menstrual hygiene management activist from India, global campaigner of women’s right to dignity and good health, Founder of ‘Breaking the Silence’ Campaign which is a combination of a digital action campaign and on-ground outreach program to end myths, taboos and stigma around menstruation, public health expert with experience in HIV/AIDS program and interventions with women in sex work, transgender and sexual minority community, drug users, truckers and children living with HIV/AIDS and orphans and vulnerable children, a certified trainer/facilitator on menstrual hygiene management, gender based violence and digital empowerment travelling to different countries and a journalist/columnist hailing from the north-east state of Manipur. She is also the General Secretary of North east Solidarity, an NGO that fights racial discrimination of northeast people. Part of the Network of Women in Media India, she is closely linked to media both print and electronic in India. She has trained over 7000 adolescent girls and women in the last 4 years on biology of menstruation, menstrual hygiene management and safe and environment friendly disposal of used sanitary products in nooks and corners of India and abroad in remote villages where health seeking behaviour and facilities are compromised. Recipient of the UNFPA National Laadli Awards for the Best Social Media Campaign, she received the global award from World Pulse, the Voices of Our Future (VOF) and is the Ambassador of World Pulse, the largest social network of women leaders connecting 190 countries promoting digital empowerment to access information and opportunities via the internet. She was recently honoured by Vodaphone Foundation on International Women’s Day as one of the 50 ‘Women of Pure Wonder’. Recipient of the MasterCard Celebrate Heroes Award 2017, her vision is to give the power that comes from accurate information to individuals. She is a WSSCC trainer since 2013.

Source: Wikipedia

August 4, 2017

Bibi Ameenah Firdaus Gurib-Fakim, GCSK CSK (born 17 October 1959) is a Mauritian biodiversity scientist who has served as the President of Mauritius since 2015. In December 2014, she was selected to be the presidential candidate of the Alliance Lepep. After Kailash Purryag resigned on 29 May 2015, both Prime Minister Sir Anerood Jugnauth and Leader of the Opposition Paul Berenger positively welcomed her nomination, which was unanimously approved in a vote in the National Assembly.

Source: Wikipedia

August 3, 2017

Mithali Dorai Raj is an captain of the Indian Women’s cricket team.She was born on 3 December 1982 in Jodhpur, Rajasthan to Dorai Raj and Leela Raj.she completed his schooling from St. Johns High school in Hyderabad for cricket coaching. She also practiced cricket at the Keyes Girls High School in Secunderabad. At the age of 17 she played for Indian women’s cricket team.Against the Ireland she played her ODI debute match and scored 114 not out. And against south Africa she played her debut match of test cricket.Mithali at age 19 broke the record of Karen Rolton’s record of 209 runs (not out) of world’s highest individual Test score in the match against England and she scored a record 214 runs,  in her third international Test.She was awarded the Arjuna Award by the Government of India.Mithali is very single she is not dating any one.

Source: Wikipedia

August 2, 2017

Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé (born 4 January 1948) was the Prime Minister of Mali from 2011 to 2012, the first woman to be appointed to the position in the country's history. She was announced to the position by decree on 3 April 2011, replacing Modibo Sidibé. On 22 March 2012, following the suspension of the constitution in the 2012 Malian coup d'état, she was removed from office and reported to be detained by junta forces.

Source: Wikipedia

August 1, 2017

Mame Madior Boye (born 1940) was Prime Minister of Senegal from 2001 to 2002. She was the first female holder of that position.

Source: Wikipedia

July 31, 2017

Eve Sussman is a British-born American artist of film, video, installation, sculpture, and photography. She was educated at Robert College of Istanbul, University of Canterbury, and Bennington College. She resides in Brooklyn, New York, where her company, the Rufus Corporation, is based. She visits cultural centers around the world where her exhibitions take place.

In 2003 Sussman began working in collaboration with The Rufus Corporation, an international ad hoc ensemble of performers, artists, and musicians. She produced the motion picture and video art pieces 89 Seconds at Alcázar (2004) and The Rape of the Sabine Women (2007).[2] Sussman translates well known masterworks into her large scale re-enactments.

89 Seconds at Alcázar is a 10-minute, continuously flowing single take that meticulously creates the moments directly before and after the image portrayed by Diego Velázquez in Las Meninas (1656). It premiered at the 2004 Whitney Biennial.

Sussman's The Rape of the Sabine Women is a video-musical loosely based on the myth of the founding of Rome, inspired by the French neoclassical painter Jacques-Louis David's masterpiece, The Intervention of the Sabine Women (1794-1799). It was shot on location in Greece and Germany.

Source: Wikipedia

July 30, 2017

Angela Isadora Duncan (May 26, 1877 or May 27, 1877 - September 14, 1927) was an American dancer who performed to acclaim throughout Europe. Born in California, she lived in Western Europe and the Soviet Union from the age of 22 until her death at age 49 or 50, when her scarf became entangled in the wheels and axle of the car in which she was riding.

Source: Wikipedia

July 29, 2017

Elizabeth Blackwell (3 February 1821 – 31 May 1910) was a British-born physician, notable as the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, as well as the first woman on the UK Medical Register. She was the first woman to graduate from medical school, a pioneer in promoting the education of women in medicine in the United States, and a social and moral reformer in both the United States and in the United Kingdom. Her sister Emily was the third woman in the US to get a medical degree.

Source: Wikipedia

July 28, 2017

C. S. Lakshmi (born 1944) is an Indian feminist writer and independent researcher in women's studies from India. She writes under the pseudonym Ambai. In 1962, Lakshmi published her first work Nandimalai Charalilae (lit. At Nandi Hills) – written when she was still a teenager. Her first serious work of fiction was the Tamil novel Andhi Maalai (lit.Twilight) which came out in 1966. It received the "Kalaimagal Narayanaswamy Aiyar" Prize. She received critical acclaim with the short story Siragukal muriyum (lit. Wings will be broken) (1967) published in the literary magazine Kanaiyazhi. This story was later published in book form as a part of short story collection under the same name in 1976. The same year she was awarded a two-year fellowship to study the work of Tamil women writers. The research work was published as The Face behind the mask (Advent Books) in 1984. In 1988, her second Tamil short story collection titled Veetin mulaiyil oru camaiyalarai (lit. A kitchen in the corner of the house) was published. This established her reputation as a major short story writer. Her work is characterised by her feminism, an eye for detail, and a sense of irony. Some of her works – A Purple Sea (1992) and In A Forest, A Deer (2006) – have been translated English by Lakshmi Holmström. In 2006, she (along with Lakshmi Holmström) won the Vodafone Crossword Book Award (in the Indian language fiction translation category) for In a Forest, A Deer. For her contributions to Tamil literature, she received the 2008 Iyal Virudhu (Lifetime Achievement Award) awarded by the Canada-based Tamil Literary Garden.

Source: Wikipedia