April 22, 2017

Soong Ching-ling (27 January 1893 – 29 May 1981) was the second wife of Sun Yat-sen, one of the leaders of the 1911 revolution that established the Republic of China, and was often referred to as Madame Sun Yat-sen. She was a member of the Soong family and, together with her siblings, played a prominent role in China's politics prior to 1949. She has become known as the "mother of modern China".
After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, she held several prominent positions in the new government, including Vice President of China, traveled abroad during the early 1950s, representing it at a number of international activities. During the Cultural Revolution, however, she was heavily criticized. Soong survived the Cultural Revolution, but appeared less frequently after 1976. As the chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress from 1976 to 1978, Soong was the head of state of the People's Republic of China. During her final illness in May 1981, she was given the special title of Honorary President of the People's Republic of China.

Source: Wikipedia

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